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Guangzhou from megacities to qualify for megacities

Date: 2015-01-27

Southern daily news (reporter/Ceng Ni) under the state council recently issued no. 51 this year, to adjust the standard of urban size. According to the new standard of urban size, urban resident population of more than 10 million cities in large cities, guangzhou by "large city" to qualify for the title of "megacities".
City is divided into five classes seven gears
The report of the state council, since the reform and opening, with the accelerating process of industrialization, urbanization has made great achievements in our country, the number and size have obvious growth in cities, the original standard of urban size new situation has been difficult to adapt to the development of urbanization, etc. At present, our country is in a critical period of development of urbanization, to better implement the population and urban classification management, can meet the needs of economic and social development, it is necessary to adjust the standard of urban size. The adjustment in urban resident population, for statistical caliber, the city is divided into five classes seven gears (see right-hand chart).
1989 regulation, the law of the People's Republic of China on urban planning act refers to the urban areas and big cities faubourgs (non-agricultural population of more than 500000 cities, medium-sized city refers to the urban areas and faubourgs (non-agricultural population of more than 200000, less than 500000, the small city is refers to the urban areas and faubourgs (non-agricultural population of less than 200000 of the city. But the planning was abolished January 1, 2008, while the implementation of the law of the People's Republic of China on urban and rural planning act not set size. That is to say, not from the aspects of legislation in our country after 2008 to medium cities such as scale concepts are defined.
Social sciences academic press, 2010, issue of small and medium-sized cities green book to divide the defined medium cities put forward the new standard. Green paper points out that, along with the rapid development of Chinese cities, the urban and rural population flow is frequent, the boundaries between the agricultural population and non-agricultural population, the urban population scale expands rapidly, many cities at the county level (including designated city at the county level and the larger the center of the county town of urban resident population has reached the critical value or more than 200000, 500000. With the rapid development of urbanization makes the standard of the original city no longer meet the needs of the reality. It puts forward a new classification standard is: the urban resident population below 500000 for the small city, 500000-1 million for the medium-sized city, 1 million - 3 million for the big cities, 3 million - 10 million for megacities of more than 10 million for big cities. "Giant cities" is today officially puts forward the concept of "megacities" prototype.
Large cities must enhance the level of public services
Guangzhou resident population exceed 10 million by the end of 2001, 10.15 million people, became a Chinese after chongqing, Shanghai, Beijing and tianjin fifth population is more than thousands of cities. Since then, guangzhou is put on the hat of "megacities". The fifth population census to sixth census during the 10 years (2000-2000), guangzhou resident population increased from 9.94 million to 9.94 million, a net gain of 2.75 million people. Look from the absolute value of population growth, the guangzhou less than Beijing, Shanghai, suzhou, shenzhen, tianjin, chengdu.
According to the new standard of urban size, guangzhou will be promoted to "mega cities". In fact, earlier this year at the Chinese academy of social sciences, director of the institute of population and labor to cadres lectures, Mr. CAI to guangzhou has put forward the concept of "megacities". Hu pointed out that a population of more than 10 million cities have beyond the definition of "megacities", should be referred to as the "big city". In China, Beijing, Shanghai, guangzhou is the first enter the city of "megacities" threshold. Large cities are faced with the "city disease", in the final analysis is the deficiency of economic development level and the public service supply. To overcome the "city disease", the first is to through industrial upgrading beyond the "middle-income trap", and then to improve the level of public services.